Why is it not done so that Android can be installed on any smartphone (or device) like Windows?

Why is it not done so that Android can be installed on any smartphone (or device) like Windows?

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Answers (14)

Answer 1
October, 2020

It seems to me that one of the reasons is the requirement for the hardware of the smartphone. For example, Windows 10 with x64 bit depth cannot be installed on a computer if it has 2 gigabytes of RAM or less. Must be at least 4 GB. However, you can put it and it will work out - but it will lag and hang hard. So it is here. If the smartphone has a native android version 2.3, then it is unlikely that it will work on it with all the desire to put the 9th or 10th android. I'm not saying that the system itself weighs more - it is simply much more resource-intensive at times than the first android systems. Therefore, a powerful system must be installed on a powerful flagship smartphone. But on the contrary - you can post-install a small android on the flagship. It weighs little and requires much less resources. But the downside can be cut functionality. What is in the 9th android - with a high probability it may not be in the 4th or 5th. Therefore, it's best to leave smartphones alone and just use them. And if they need to update, then update the system and applications. After all, those who write OS and applications are clearly not stupid people. And when you don't know what strange experiments with reinstallations will lead to, it's better not to risk it and leave everything as it is.

Answer 2
October, 2020

This is elementary no one needs.
Windows has an alternative - Linux.
And the android has no alternatives. And Google takes a percentage from each phone on which the android is installed.
Ios and macos does not make sense to consider at all. Aple is simply not profitable to give to put android on their devices.

Answer 3
October, 2020

There are quite a few custom Android firmwares (Lineage OS, CrDroid, Pixel Experience) that are installed on smartphones from various manufacturers.

One "but": these firmware developers have to compile and adjust for each model separately, there is no universal distribution kit, as in the case of Linux, which can be installed even on the latest computer, even on a 10-year-old computer prescription.

The reason, IMHO, in an incredibly wide selection of component parts. The same smartphone may come with different types of touchscreens or fingerprint scanners. Accordingly, each must have a separate driver. Accordingly, a universal firmware should be created by a large team of developers and testers.

In practice, the Android community is very fragmented, no, as in the case of the Linux distribution Ubuntu, its own Mark Shuttleworth, who would be created and funded by this team, forcing to lick the firmware from start to finish. The average custom firmware is the work of a single developer who takes the sources from the same Lineage OS, compiles them for a specific smartphone model, offers users on w3bsit3-dns.com and xda, and they are already testing.

The second "but" : some smartphone manufacturers - Meizu, Huawei, partly Samsung - do not allow installing anything at all, except for stock firmware. They block the bootloader ("lock the bootloader") so that the end customers buy a new device every 2-3 years after the technical support for the old one stops. The situation in which, as in the case of Xiaomi, it is possible to install the latest custom firmware with the 10th Android on a 4-year-old device is unbearable for them for money reasons.

Answer 4
October, 2020

And because these smartphones run on the curve of obsolete UNIX, originally intended for punched cards. And there is nowhere to insert punched cards into the smartphone .....

Answer 5
October, 2020

Then it will simply swell even more Windows and require such hardware that not everyone can buy. From the very beginning, this system is within the strict framework of both Google and the manufacturer. There is a clear addressing of disk space, nevertheless Android appetites It would be possible to split the system into some modules (kernel, drivers), but that would mean giving users freedom (which Linux drivers are constantly screaming about, claiming that android is Linux), which Google can only do under considerable pressure.

Answer 6
October, 2020

No, I'm not competent in these matters. In my youth I was involved in this problem, but for some long period I went into mechanics. Digital technology is developing very rapidly. I think that with my outdated brains, it's hard for me to catch up with progress, but I'm not trying.

Answer 7
October, 2020

There is one reason - the hardware requirements. In the android, they are much lower. If the android was put on computers, then it would be possible to drag the ancient Pentium 4 from the attic, clean, install the android and normally use it as a "tablet with a mouse". Of course, it is very unprofitable for manufacturers of hardware and operating systems, so you will not find normal android assemblies for the PC architecture.

Answer 8
October, 2020

Any operating system is released with the expectation to work with one or another processor architecture. Likewise, the developers of new processors, in turn, focus on working with any operating system.
Windows also does not work on any smartphone. For example, Apple devices were originally designed to work only with iOS.
Windows went to the universalization of its OS in order to use it both on desktop devices and on mobile devices. For this, at the level of the operating system kernel, compatibility is laid down to work with both the architecture of desktop processors and mobile ones.
There are two processor architectures CISC and RISC. The first is used in x86 desktop processors from Intel and AMD, the second in mobile ARM processors.
At the moment, mobile devices are more and more "pulling the blanket" from desktop devices onto themselves. In this context, one cannot fail to note the decision from Samsung, which allows using a smartphone as a desktop computer.
Probably due to the fact that mobile devices quite intensively cover all spheres of our life, Android developers are not interested in supporting x86 desktop processors.

Answer 9
October, 2020

First of all, it is in your best interest not to do this, as the security of the device will immediately drop sharply.

Windows activated by third-party programs is already a broken OS, because at this moment malware enters the system, which may not be detected by antiviruses, but fakes activation.

Secondly, newer versions Android can be terribly slow on the current device. After all, pay attention, when new application updates are released, over time the phone starts to slow down a little.

And thirdly, as noted above, this is commerce! If the manufacturers really give free rein to your desire, then people will no longer have a forced situation to buy a new phone because of an outdated version of android. For the sake of example, a PC on windows did not have such a situation for a long time to buy new hardware because of an outdated OS. But now Microsoft is actively working on this task to transfer everyone to 10-ku, thereby forcing them to buy newer hardware, since not all old hardware can pull it even by installing an SSD!

In short, to answer your question, then commerce plays a big role here!

Answer 10
October, 2020

Please go to w3bsit3-dns.com, xda-developers and install any firmware on any smartphone. Whether all the hardware will work is a big question. So you can estimate the amount of effort to fit the firmware to a specific model. And manufacturers, even the largest ones, have limited capabilities and therefore present a limited fleet of devices. Which, however, are full of bugs.

For example, Google's recent attempt to make a tool for flashing AOSP on some devices https://flash.android.com/

Answer 11
October, 2020

Who told you that you shouldn't do this?

All Android sources are on the net with assembly instructions.

The only thing you will be up against is the lack of drivers.

If you have a very strong desire, you can read the instructions and concoct them yourself, and if you are lazy, you can search for GNU projects like Librem and find a phone with already written open drivers and install a pure android on a smartphone or tablet like Windows, Linux on home PC.

Answer 12
October, 2020

Like any other operating system (and like many software products in principle), Android for installation and operation requires a certain architecture of the computing system (processor, memory, etc.) And I'm not sure that Windows can be installed on any device as stated in the question.

Answer 13
October, 2020

First of all, device manufacturers are not interested in this. Manufacturers compete not only in megapixels of cameras, but also in the reliability of their smartphones, predictability of their behavior, usability, and data security.

If you give users the freedom to install the operating system, or even give everyone root rights, which will give almost complete control over the phone, how can smartphone manufacturers be able to guarantee anything? Most press the buttons carelessly, and claims that the smartphone is buggy will be presented to the manufacturer. Even now, there are viruses for Android, and if most smartphones are not protected (as most of them will work with Windows with administrator rights), these viruses will be more common than on Windows. And on smartphones, there are also banking applications ...

Note, banking applications will not work for you if you have got root rights. This can also be bypassed, but by default it is. And this is no coincidence (c).

It is enough to read the forums dedicated to the modified operating systems for smartphones. But this is a more reliable thing than pure Android, it was originally intended by the manufacturer for this particular device. And still there are a lot of glitch reviews. "Everything is fine, but my bluetooth does not work." Another thing is that they don't complain about it, because they know why they put it.

p.s. well, quite a bit of conspiracy. part of the functionality of different models of the same line can be disabled by the manufacturer programmatically. let's say there is a fingerprint scanner on both mid-range Xiaomi models and top-end ones. On the top ones, it is possible to control the gestures of the OP scanner (block, open the assigned application, and so on by swiping the SOP). And on medium models this function is not.

Answer 14
October, 2020

The main reason is that, unlike desktops and laptops, the exact design of many telephone components is unknown to anyone other than the manufacturer of these components. Therefore, Anrdoid cannot be completed so that it works well on all phones - they are all too different.

The manufacturer of this phone is engaged in the refinement of Anroid for each specific phone, neither she nor the suppliers of components for it are interested in so that you can install what you like on it. This will hinder sales and reduce potential profits. Therefore, internal information about the devices and the documentation about the chips used in these devices is hidden.

In some cases, when there is enough information about the internal device of the phone, enthusiasts can modify the Android code and its parts for a specific phone.

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